Sanrai Med INDIA
What is Pneumonia and its Innovative Treatment Solutions?


Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of death among children under the age of five. In 2018, over 14 children under the age of 5 died of pneumonia every hour. About 1,29,000 pneumonia deaths occurred in 2019. 


Pneumonia in older adults aged 65 and above is usually more severe. The onset of the disease is often rapid in the elderly, and the diagnosis is extremely poor in severe pneumonia, resulting in as many as one in five deaths. The older a person is, the higher the risk of developing severe pneumonia.  


Since 2019, one child dies from pneumonia every four minutes, an unrecognised epidemic that has surged after COVID-19. Pneumonia is a preventable disease, but lack of access to high quality treatment solutions and education has resulted in thousands of deaths. 


Here is more on pneumonia, its symptoms, causes, and available treatment options.


What is Pneumonia?


Pneumonia is a lung infection that can go from mild to severe, so severe that it becomes life-threatening. It occurs when an infection fills the air sacs of the lungs with fluid or pus, making it hard to breathe. It causes inadequate oxygen to reach the bloodstream. 


Pneumonia can occur at any age, but infants younger than age 2 and people aged 65 and above are at a higher risk. The infection can occur in one or both of the lungs. The principal causes of pneumonia are bacterial, viruses, and fungi. 


If you’ve got pneumonia from bacteria or a virus, you are more likely to spread it to someone. Other causes also include lifestyle habits like smoking cigarettes or consuming excessive alcohol.


Symptoms of pneumonia


Pneumonia symptoms vary depending on the cause of pneumonia, your age, and overall health. These symptoms develop over several days. 


Here are the most common pneumonia symptoms:

  • Chest pain while breathing or coughing

  • A cough that creates phlegm or mucus 

  • High fever and excessive sweating

  • Exhaustion and loss of appetite

  • Shortness of breath

  • Vomiting, diarrhoea, and nausea


Apart from these symptoms, older adults and people with weaker immune systems also experience unusually low body temperatures. Infants and newborns don’t show all signs of the infection, but vomiting, high fever, and coughing are also seen. 


Causes of pneumonia


Pneumonia is caused by a variety of infectious agents such as viruses, bacteria, and fungi. The most common ones are the following:

  • Streptococcus pneumoniae is one of the most common causes of bacterial pneumonia amongst children. 

  • Haemophilus influenzae type b is the second most common cause of bacterial pneumonia. 

  • The respiratory syncytial virus is the most common cause of viral pneumonia cases.

  • Pneumocystis jiroveci is one of the most common causes among infants infected with HIV and is responsible for at least one-quarter of all pneumonia deaths. 


Diagnosis of Pneumonia


Doctors diagnose pneumonia based on the visible symptoms of a patient and also by examining their chest. Typically, chest X-rays are used to confirm if you have pneumonia or not. 


Sometimes, it can be difficult to tell the difference between pneumonia and any other kind of chest infection. In such cases, your doctor is most likely to conduct a blood test or take a sputum sample to confirm the diagnosis. 


Complications Caused by Pneumonia


Pneumonia can cause complications such as:

  • Bacteremia is a condition in which bacteria spread into the bloodstream. It can cause septic shock and organ failure. 

  • Breathing Problems: Pneumonia causes trouble breathing, which reduces the amount of oxygen entering your bloodstream. 

  • Between the layers of the tissue that line your lung and chest cavity, fluid starts building up, which becomes infected. 

  • Lung abscess: It is a condition where a pocket of pus builds up inside and around your lung. 


Pneumonia Treatment


Pneumonia can quickly become severe, so it’s essential to get treated immediately. The most common treatment for bacterial pneumonia is antibiotics. However, antibiotics aren’t helpful if you have viral pneumonia. You will need to get a lot of rest, drink a lot of fluids, and take fever reducing medicine. 

If you have severe pneumonia, you are more likely to experience complications, which can cause hospitalisation for immediate treatment. Usually supplemental oxygen therapy is required to help you breathe. 


How does the Pneumonia Vaccine help?


Vaccines also help to prevent pneumococcal disease, a type of illness caused by Streptococcus pneumoniae bacteria. The vaccines help to reduce the risk of pneumonia.


There are two kinds of pneumococcal vaccines approved by the FDA - 

  • PCV13 (Prevnar 13) 

  • PPSV23 (Pneumovax23)


Prevnar 13 vaccine is for children under 2 years old. They get 4 shots spaced over approximately one year. Adults who are advised to take this vaccine to get only one shot. The vaccine protects against 13 types of pneumococcal bacteria that cause severe infections in kids and adults.

Pneumovax23 helps to protect against serious infections, caused by 23 types of pneumococcal bacteria and is a second vaccine only for adults 


The Essential Role of Oxygen Therapy in Pneumonia Treatment


A significant number of pneumonia deaths occur due to inadequate treatment available. We can prevent thousands of deaths from pneumonia with innovative treatment solutions like high quality and reliable oxygen therapy. 


Children with severe pneumonia and other patients struggling to breathe need access to safe and long-lasting oxygen solutions as a matter of life or death. In India, awareness about the available solutions to treat pneumonia and access to innovative products in the market is  staggering low. 


Despite the urgent requirement for oxygen therapy, access to devices like pulse oximetry and oxygen concentrators remains poor in India. Sanrai is working to accelerate the access to FDA-approved oxygen therapy solutions to every remote corner of India to prevent deaths. 


Our oxygen delivery comes with expert guidance and assistance to advocate for the improved outcomes of these devices on people’s health and communicate the need for oxygen for essential treatment of pneumonia.



Share this post :
Comments

Leave a reply

Related Post

07

Jul
COPD: Early Symptoms You Shouldn't Ignore

Do you ever experience shortness of breath or chronic cough while doing your day-to-day activities? These might be signs of a respirato...

Read More

08

Aug
Why Is Rural India Lagging In Healthcare?

Home to more than 64% of the country’s 1.3 billion population, rural India doesn’t even have 30% of the nation's health infrastruct...

Read More

08

Aug
Five Easy Health Hacks for Respiratory Care

A healthy respiratory system is the base of a physically fit lifestyle. Your lungs perform the most basic function of breathing, and br...

Read More

08

Aug
Breathing Techniques For Healthy and Whole Lungs

Breathing techniques are exercises to improve your lung health for better respiration. We all are familiar with the phrase “take a ...

Read More

09

Sep
Quit Smoking and Breathe in Clean Air

India's tobacco use is increasing at an alarming rate. There are 120 million smokers in India with nearly 10 million people dying fro...

Read More

10

Oct
Sanrai Wins a Grant for an "Oxygen as a Service" Project - Sanrai International

We are very excited to announce that Sanrai has been selected as a grant winner of the Oxygen Co-Lab “Oxygen as a Service” (O2aaS) ...

Read More

10

Oct
Everything You Must Know About BIPAP Devices

People with certain medical conditions have difficulty breathing. Luckily, machines like a BiPAP help you breathe better. A Bilevel...

Read More

11

Nov
Effect of Diwali fumes on COVID-19, COPD, and other respiratory patients

Diwali celebration and burning crackers go hand in hand across India, despite the rise of air pollution and health hazards. The eff...

Read More

11

Nov
What is Pneumonia and its Innovative Treatment Solutions?

Pneumonia is one of the leading causes of death among children under the age of five. In 2018, over 14 children under the age of 5 died...

Read More

11

Nov
How to Sleep Better With COPD: 7 Effective Tips

It’s a universal truth that sleep is essential for all human beings. One night of bad sleep can completely ruin your day, your produc...

Read More

11

Nov
Ways to Stay Healthy During the Cold and Flu Season if You Have COPD

Colds and flu are common during the winter months. At some point, we are all affected by getting a cold that turns into an annoyance fo...

Read More

12

Dec
An Overview On Sleep Apnea - Causes & Symptoms

Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA) is a sleep disorder where a person stops breathing involuntarily. Such repeated pauses occur during the n...

Read More

12

Dec
Signs Your Snoring Can Be Dangerous

Snoring is often regarded as an uncomfortable, annoying problem capable of disrupting one’s sleep. It’s considered normal and somet...

Read More

01

Jan
What a Breast Pump Is and How to Use One

Breast milk is a typical standard for providing nutrition to infants. The World Health Organization (WHO) advises exclusive breastfeedi...

Read More

01

Jan
Breastfeeding or Pumping: What to Choose?

You can supply your baby with breast milk through breastfeeding and pumping. Breast milk is natural nourishment for newborns. Breastfee...

Read More

01

Jan
How to Overcome Seasonal Allergies for COPD Patients?

Seasonal allergies affect the majority of people. Individuals with COPD are more likely to be adversely impacted by any subsequent cond...

Read More

02

Feb
The Increasing risk of obstructive sleep apnea in India

Sleep apnea is a disorder that causes breathing difficulties when you are asleep. It is one of the most common sleep-related breathing ...

Read More

03

Mar
6 Tips To Keep Your Respiratory Health Safe This Holi

The season of spring has finally arrived, and Holi, the festival of colors, is ready to greet us with color, happiness, sweets, and the...

Read More

04

Apr
Tips to Improve Your Lung Health

The very first thing we do when we are born is breathe! However, do you ever wonder how your lungs function or how you breathe?...

Read More

04

Apr
How Does A Peak Flow Meter Help Manage Asthma?

Managing asthma is not easy. Once your doctor diagnoses you with asthma, it's time to find ways you can manage the disease. Effective a...

Read More

04

Apr
How to Manage Asthma Flare-up Symptoms?

Asthma is a very prevalent respiratory disease, affecting 235 million people worldwide, out of which 15-20 million people are from Indi...

Read More

05

May
8 Best Tips for Managing COPD

A person with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) finds it difficult to breathe. COPD can cause blockages in the airways and b...

Read More

08

Aug
Smart Peak Flow Meter- Helping you live a happier life with Asthma

As an asthma patient for over 15 years, I often look back at my life and wonder how it would be if I did not have asthma or allergies. ...

Read More

08

Aug
Understanding Bronchitis better - a first step toward managing this disease

Chronic Bronchitis and COPD are the leading causes of death in India and the world that can only be addressed through timely screening ...

Read More

08

Aug
Using diagnostic AI in pediatric clinics - taking the first step towards health equity

Croup remains one of the top 5 causes of hospitalisations in children. Using AI-driven diagnostic solutions such as ResApp can dramatic...

Read More

09

Sep
Nutrition and sleep - the connection no one talks about

Believe it or not, sleep is the most important routine of your day. Sleep helps you stay energetic, improves your memory, makes you mor...

Read More

09

Sep
Understanding common sleep disorders to get a good night's rest and a productive day!

I'm a light sleeper and often wake up tired every morning, just like a staggering 83% of other sleep-deprived adults worldwide! This is...

Read More

09

Sep
Depression – one of the hidden problems caused by sleep apnea

Problems associated with lack of sleep affect everyone regardless of age. We all know that lack of sleep causes irritability, anxiety, ...

Read More

09

Sep
Medical devices, innovation and technology – the key to our longevity

Humanity has been on a perpetual quest for longevity since time immemorial. This quest led to applying available cutting-edge technolog...

Read More

09

Sep
Counter Sleep-disordered breathing with CPAP therapy! Consult your doctor today!

I did not know I was a bad snorer for the first ten years of my adult life. I lived alone, had a demanding job, and never found time fo...

Read More

09

Sep
Living with Narcolepsy – Know the signs to manage it right

Did you know that 21% of all fatal automotive accidents are due to drowsy driving or falling asleep at the wheel? A survey by Harvard M...

Read More

09

Sep
Making happy memories around the world with a ResMed AirMini

I have loved travelling ever since I was a child. I felt perfectly at home wherever I was. I could fall asleep on any bed, any surface,...

Read More

09

Sep
Understanding the impact of Restless legs syndrome sleep-related breathing disorders

Most of us have had problems falling asleep at some point in our lives. However, for some, this problem is consistent and negatively im...

Read More

09

Sep
The impact of sleep disorders – different for both him and her

Most common diseases and disorders are gender agnostic—which means that they affect both sexes equally—except for a few gender-spec...

Read More

09

Sep
Is there a link between a good night's rest and heart disease?

It is 2022 and we all know the importance of taking care of our heart by eating right and exercising regularly to lead healthier lives....

Read More

11

Nov
Diagnosing breast cancer – challenges faced by women with disabilities

A woman is diagnosed with breast cancer somewhere in the world every 14 seconds. Breast cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-re...

Read More

11

Nov
Mobility, independence, and happiness—the link between mobility and mental health

The loss of mobility is a challenge for the person affected by it and those who care for them. Whether you’re unable to drive, walk o...

Read More

11

Nov
Five things you must know about mobility, arthritis, and independence

Arthritis is possibly the most common cause of impaired mobility around the world. Affecting nearly 350 million people worldwide, 1 in ...

Read More

11

Nov
Wheelchairs and DVT – how to avoid blood clots

A staggering 1.85% of the global population uses a wheelchair every day. This means that over 130 million people require a wheelchair a...

Read More

11

Nov
Every breath counts—treating pneumonia effectively to build a healthier world

Did you know that a child dies of pneumonia in the time it took you to open and start reading this post? Yes, you read that right. Acco...

Read More

11

Nov
Upward Mobility - The stigma and anguish surrounding obesity

A WHO report suggests that, globally, more than 1 Bn people struggle with obesity every day. To put this into perspective, every eighth...

Read More

22

Not a valid month!
Best Rehab Equipment for Stroke Patients

A stroke can cause short-term effects such as weakness, issues with coordination and balance to lifelong disabilities depending on the ...

Read More

12

Dec
Using Innovative Engineering To Make Movement Accessible For Everyone

A UN report estimates that around 1 Bn people worldwide live with some form of disability, out of which approximately 100 Mn are childr...

Read More

12

Dec
Lanolin - Bringing The Joy Back To Motherhood And Nursing

The importance of breast milk can never be overstated. Sterile, safe, and rich in protective antibodies, breast milk is the perfect nou...

Read More

12

Dec
Winters, respiratory illnesses, and air pollution – the trio of woes

Winters are a time for piping hot soups, sweetmeats, festivals and indulging in foods and drinks that we would otherwise stay away from...

Read More

12

Dec
Winters, breastfeeding, and supermoms

Winters are a challenging time for newborns and mothers alike. As the cold weather sets in, it brings many problems for both mothers an...

Read More

12

Dec
Winter woes - An asthma patient's story

I was 5 when I woke up crying because I could not breathe. My chest felt heavy, and it was difficult to think or even tell people how I...

Read More

12

Dec
Healthcare, Sanrai, and 2022-What a year it's been!

In comes the winter, and with it, it brings the promise of spring and better times. As the year draws to a close at Sanrai Med India, w...

Read More

01

Jan
The golden years – building a safer home for the elderly

You enter the world as an excited child, willing to learn everything that comes your way, from sights to sounds to numbers, religion, c...

Read More